Many sight threatening diseases if detected early can be cured or treated to prevent or slow the progression of serious vision loss.
The most important step in preventing visual loss is by routine examination of eyes by a qualified eye care professional. Children should receive their first comprehensive eye examination before the age of four unless problems warrant an earlier examination. Persons of age group 20 to 40 should have an eye examination every five years, 40 to 60 every two years and after 60 every year if there are no visual problems. Immediate care is required if there is visual change, pain, flashes of light, new floaters, injury or tearing etc.
Persons with diabetes are at greater risk for several eye disorders including diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma and cataract, and should have eye examination every year or as per their doctor’s advice. Asians are more at risk of glaucoma and should have regular check up after 40 years of age especially with positive family history of glaucoma.
Here at AIMS Hospital, we are committed to provide the highest quality of ‘Eye Care’ as per international standards. We aim to combine cutting edge technology with professional expertise, compassion and dignity to deliver the best results.
What is a Cataract?
The normal human crystalline lens is clear and transparent like glass. Whenever this lens becomes cloudy or develops opacity it is called a ‘cataract’. This blocks the light rays from passing through the lens and a blurry image is formed. The patient feels as if he or she is looking through a frosted/fogged glass. This blurring keeps increasing and eventually all vision is blocked when a cataract becomes mature.
Cataract is clouding of the lens which affects vision. It is the most common eye disease amongst elderly people and is a major cause of visual impairment and blindness worldwide. In India, 3.8 million cataract cases add per year to the already existing backlog of cataract cases. Cataract procedure is the most common surgical procedure performed in the population aged over 60.
Is Cataract surgery safe?
Cataract surgery is a highly successful procedure (95-98% success rate) technically. However, the final visual outcome also depends on the condition of the eye i.e. cornea, retina, optic nerve, any pre-existing disease, amblyopia (lazy eye) etc.
Sometimes it may be difficult to diagnose these abnormalities before the surgery due to cataract and we can know about it only after the operation. No surgeon in the world can perform a surgery with guaranteed results. However, almost all the patients regain good vision following a cataract surgery.
Among various child health issues that parents are most concerned with, eyes and vision rank near the top. Good vision is essential for proper physical development and educational progress in children.
Vision problems affect one in twenty pre-schoolers and one in four school children in America. Since many vision problems can be cured or prevented if diagnosed early, it is important for children to receive proper eye care at the right time.
Understanding Normal Vision
The visual system in young children is not fully mature. The brain centers and visual pathways need clear images from both eyes to develop normally. If the image from one eye or both eyes is blurred because of any reason (glass number, cataract, squint or retinal problems, etc.), it can result in permanent damage to vision. Normal pathways for vision evolve till 7-8 years of age.
Common Childhood Problems
Common problems seen in children are Amblyopia or “lazy eyes” “squinting” or “wandering” eyes, vision problems, eye infections and injuries. These can be prevented by early vision screening as suggested by The American Academy of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus and The American Academy of Family Physicians and The American Academy of Pediatrics.